The world of Academics uses various grading systems to evaluate student performance. The most commonly used grading systems are CGPA and percentage systems.** CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average**. The process of converting grades between these systems is crucial for learners who are applying to various schools or are seeking employment opportunities. This guide aims to take you through the process of **converting CGPA to percentage** that can accurately represent your academic achievements.

- How to Convert Percentage to CGPA? what is CGPA?
- How to calculate CGPA on a scale of 10
- Calculating CGPA on a Scale of 4
- Converting CGPA to percentage
- Considerations and Deviations
- Conclusion

The most widely used formula to **convert percentage into CGPA** is to multiply the CGPA by 9.5. While this applies to most institutions and boards, it is always wise to check with your institution or board as they might follow a different method of calculation for converting CGPA into a percentage.

So if your CGPA on a scale of 10 according to the example given above is 8.83, then your percentage can be calculated by simply multiplying 8.83 by 9.5 which results in 83.885%. The decimal is then rounded off to a whole figure which is 84%.

Suppose your CGPA is on a 4-point scale, the most widely accepted conversion to percentage is to multiply the CGPA on a 4-point scale by 25. It cannot be stressed enough that contacting your institution might be the best way to ensure the accuracy of your percentage or marks.

CGPA full form is Cumulative Grade Point Average. Depending on your educational board, it is usually calculated on a scale of 10 or 4. CGPA considers all grade points earned across all subjects in the number of years of study. It can also be explained as the average of grade points obtained in all subjects over a specific period of study.

To understand the conversion of **CGPA into a percentage**, it is necessary to have a thorough understanding of how CGPA is calculated. For example, let us assume that we are looking to calculate the CGPA of a learner through the marks he obtained.

Calculating CGPA is done by dividing total grade points by total credit hours.

CGPA = Total Grade Points

—-------------------------

Total Credit Hours

If your institution does not follow the grading point system and uses marks, then the marks can be calculated into grade points depending on the range that they fall in. For example, If you have scored 87/100 in a particular subject, on a grade point scale out of 10, you would have scored 9 grade points.

Range:

90 -100 marks = 10 grade points

80 - 89 marks = 9 grade points

70 - 79 marks = 8 grade points and so on.

Most Universities and Global Institutions allot credit hours to subjects based on their priority within a course of study, for example. If you are a psychology major and upon completion of the course, you are awarded 14 credit hours, those 14 credit hours would now be multiplied by your grade point to calculate the sum of grade points.

Let us assume that below are your subjects for which the respective marks have been obtained:

+Subject | Marks | Grade Points | Credit Hours | Grade Points x Credit Hours |

Psychology | 85 | 9 | 14 | 126 |

History | 76 | 8 | 4 | 32 |

Economics | 82 | 9 | 6 | 54 |

Total Grade Points = 126 + 32 + 54 = 212 Grade Points

Total Credit Hours = 14 + 4 + 6 = 24 Credit Hours

CGPA = Total Grade Points

—-----------------------

Total Credit Hours

CGPA = 212

—---

24

CGPA = 8.83

On a 10-point scale, the highest CGPA that can be obtained is 10.

CGPA | Percentage |
---|---|

10 | 95% |

9.9 | 94.05% |

9.8 | 93.10% |

9.7 | 92.15% |

9.6 | 91.20% |

9.5 | 90.25% |

9.4 | 89.30% |

9.3 | 88.35% |

9.2 | 87.40% |

9.1 | 86.45% |

9 | 85.50% |

8.9 | 84.55% |

8.8 | 83.60% |

8.7 | 82.65% |

8.6 | 81.70% |

8.5 | 80.75% |

8.4 | 79.80% |

8.3 | 78.85% |

8.2 | 77.90% |

8.1 | 76.95% |

8 | 76% |

7.9 | 75.05% |

7.8 | 74.10% |

7.7 | 73.15% |

7.6 | 72.20% |

7.5 | 71.25% |

7.4 | 70.30% |

7.3 | 69.35% |

7.2 | 68.40% |

7.1 | 67.45% |

7 | 66.50% |

6.9 | 65.55% |

6.8 | 64.60% |

6.7 | 63.65% |

6.6 | 62.70% |

6.5 | 61.75% |

6.4 | 60.80% |

6.3 | 59.85% |

6.2 | 58.90% |

6.1 | 57.95% |

6 | 57% |

5.9 | 56.05% |

5.8 | 55.10% |

5.7 | 54.15% |

5.6 | 53.20% |

5.5 | 52.25% |

5.4 | 51.30% |

5.3 | 50.35% |

5.2 | 49.40% |

5.1 | 48.45% |

5 | 47.50% |

4.9 | 46.55% |

4.8 | 45.60% |

4.7 | 44.65% |

4.6 | 43.70% |

4.5 | 42.75% |

4.4 | 41.80% |

4.3 | 40.85% |

4.2 | 39.90% |

4.1 | 38.95% |

4 | 38% |

3.9 | 37.05% |

3.8 | 36.10% |

3.7 | 35.15% |

3.6 | 34.20% |

3.5 | 33.25% |

3.4 | 32.30% |

3.3 | 31.35% |

3.2 | 30.40% |

3.1 | 29.45% |

3 | 28.50% |

While most parts of the world calculate CGPA on a scale of 10, CGPA is also calculated on a scale of 4. If you need to calculate your CGPA on a scale of 4, the formula explained above remains the same but here, your marks should be graded in the institution’s grading system on a scale of 1 to 4. The remaining process holds regardless of the grading system.

On a 4-point scale, the highest CGPA that can be obtained is 4.

While the above method holds true for most institutions, it may not be completely accurate as the grading system in institutions may vary. If you have used a particular conversion method, you must use the same system throughout your applications. If you are trying to reverse calculate your CGPA through your percentage obtained, then that is not as straightforward a process as it may seem to be.

While most places use the value 9.5 to multiply CGPA to obtain percentages, some institutions may use the value 10 in which case, the percentage slightly differs. In the event of institution-specific formulas, it is wise to calculate your percentage for what the institution follows for accuracy and transparency.

Also, keep in mind that academic comparisons may vary from country to country. So it is important to present your CGPA on a scale of 10 or 4, whichever applies. It is best practice to provide both CGPA and Percentage wherever possible to minimise confusion. Academic records often tend to go through strict verification, hence refrain from engaging in inflating your scores.

Percentage Score | CGPA |
---|---|

90 – 100 | 9.5 |

80 – 89 | 8.5 |

70 – 79 | 7.5 |

60 – 69 | 6.5 |

50 – 59 | 5.5 |

Grade Point | Grade | Percentage |
---|---|---|

4.0 | A+ | 94 – 100 |

4.0 | A | 85 – 93 |

3.7 | A- | 80 – 84 |

3.4 | B+ | 75 – 79 |

3.0 | B | 70 – 74 |

2.7 | B- | 67 – 69 |

2.4 | C+ | 64 – 66 |

2.0 | C | 60 – 63 |

1.7 | C- | 57 – 59 |

1.4 | D+ | 54 – 56 |

1.0 | D | 50 – 53 |

0.0 | F | Below 50 |

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) uses a 10-point CGPA scale for Class 10 and 12 examinations. To convert CBSE CGPA to percentage, use the following formula:

**Percentage = CGPA × 9.5**

This conversion will help students understand their academic performance in percentage terms based on their CGPA.

Gujarat Technological University (GTU) has a specific formula to convert CGPA/SPI/CPI to percentage:

**Percentage = (CGPA/SPI/CPI - 0.5) × 10**

This formula helps GTU students determine their percentage based on their CGPA or similar grading systems.

Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) uses the following formula to convert CGPA to percentage:

**Percentage = (CGPA - 0.75) × 10**

This method is specifically for VTU students to calculate their percentage from their CGPA.

Delhi University (DU) calculates the percentage from CGPA using the formula:

**Final Percentage = 9.5 × Semester CGPA**

This formula was officially announced on January 11, 2018, and is used to determine the percentage based on the semester CGPA.

Mumbai University (MU) has different conversion formulas based on the program:

- For Engineering programs:
**Percentage = 7.25 × CGPA + 11** - For Pure Sciences, Arts, Commerce, and related subjects (using a 7-point scale), it calculates the student's "actual marks" as a percentage.

Kerala Technological University (KTU) converts CGPA to percentage with the following formula:

**Percentage = CGPA × 9.5**

KTU students first calculate their CGPA and then convert it to a percentage using this factor.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT) uses a 7-point grading system. To convert CGPA to percentage, use the formula:

**Percentage = (CGPA - 0.75) × 10**

This conversion helps MAKAUT students understand their percentage based on their CGPA.

These conversion methods are tailored to the grading systems of various universities and help students translate their CGPA into percentage terms for better clarity and comparison.

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a metric used by educational institutions to assess a student’s overall academic performance. Here are some key benefits of using CGPA:

**Clear and Concise Representation of Academic Achievement**: CGPA provides a single, comprehensive figure that reflects a student's overall academic performance. This makes it easier for employers, graduate schools, and other educational institutions to quickly understand and assess a student's academic capabilities.**Objective Measure of Academic Success**: CGPA is based on a standardized grading system, which reduces subjectivity and provides an objective assessment of a student’s academic performance. This helps ensure consistency and fairness in evaluating student achievement.**Motivates High Academic Standards**: The CGPA system encourages students to consistently perform well academically, as their cumulative performance is reflected in their CGPA. This can drive students to maintain high standards throughout their academic careers.**Simplifies Performance Comparison**: CGPA offers a standardized measure that facilitates the comparison of academic performance across different institutions and programs. This uniformity helps in evaluating and comparing students from various educational backgrounds.**Aids in Decision-Making**: Students can use their CGPA to make informed decisions about their academic and career goals. For instance, a high CGPA can enhance a student's chances of being admitted to competitive graduate programs or securing jobs in competitive fields.

Overall, CGPA serves as a valuable tool for both students and educational institutions by providing a clear, objective, and standardized measure of academic achievement.

While CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) provides a concise summary of a student’s overall academic performance, there are several drawbacks to relying solely on this metric:

**Limited Information on Specific Performance**: CGPA offers a single figure that reflects overall academic achievement but does not provide detailed insights into a student’s performance in individual courses or specific areas of study. This can obscure strengths and weaknesses in particular subjects.**Inadequate Depiction of Student Talents**: CGPA focuses primarily on academic performance and may not fully capture a student’s abilities or potential. It does not account for extracurricular activities, professional experience, or personal attributes, all of which can be significant contributors to a student's overall success.**Lack of Standardisation**: The method of calculating CGPA can vary between institutions, making it challenging to compare academic performance across different schools and programs. This lack of uniformity can affect the ability to make accurate comparisons.**Subjectivity in Grading**: Despite a standardized grading system, there can still be subjectivity in the grading process. This variability can impact the accuracy and fairness of the CGPA as a measure of academic achievement.**Overemphasis on Grades**: A strong focus on achieving a high CGPA can create a high-pressure academic environment where students prioritize grades over genuine learning and personal growth. This can lead to a less holistic approach to education.

Overall, while CGPA is a useful tool for assessing academic performance, it should be complemented with other indicators to provide a more comprehensive evaluation of a student’s abilities and potential.

It is a straightforward process to convert CGPA to percentage. The formula widely accepted is CGPA x 9.5, it is however best to confirm with your institution once as best practice. Academic scores are a reflection of hard work, resilience, and perseverance, hence represent them with honesty and integrity.

To convert CGPA to percentage, multiply your CGPA by 9.5. For example, if your CGPA is 8.0, your percentage will be 8.0 * 9.5 = 76%.

The minimum CGPA required for graduation typically ranges from 5.0 to 6.0 on a 10-point scale, though it can vary by institution.

To improve your CGPA, focus on scoring higher grades in your exams and assignments. Consistent performance across all subjects will result in a higher CGPA, which in turn improves your percentage.

Yes, you can convert GPA to CGPA. Typically, CGPA is on a 10-point scale, while GPA is on a 4-point scale. Use the specific conversion formulas provided by your institution.

Yes, Anna University provides a specific CGPA calculator on their official website where students can input their grades to get their CGPA at Anna University, the conversion formula is: Percentage (%) = CGPA * 10.

Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) uses an absolute grading system, and CGPA is calculated as follows: CGPA = (∑Ci x Si) / ∑Ci and SGPA = (∑Ci x Gi) / ∑Ci. To convert GPA to percentage, use the formula: Percentage (%) = [CGPA - 0.75] x 10.

Kerala Technological University (KTU) has a specific method to calculate CGPA, which is available on their official website. Students need to enter their semester-wise grades to get the final CGPA.

Yes, you can convert CGPA to marks. Multiply your CGPA by the conversion factor specified by your institution, commonly 9.5, to get the percentage.

Yes, CGPA is the average of the SGPAs obtained in all semesters. Sum up all the SGPAs and divide by the number of semesters to get the CGPA.

To convert CGPA to a percentage out of 4.0, use the formula: (CGPA/10) * 100. This will give you the equivalent percentage.

Yes, many colleges provide a conversion formula. Typically, divide your percentage by 9.5 to get the CGPA.

Websites like calculatorschool.com and collegedunia.com offer accurate CGPA calculation tools. Always cross-check with your institution’s guidelines.

In Engineering, you can convert CGPA to percentage by multiplying the CGPA by the conversion factor (usually 9.5).

To convert CGPA to a 4.0 scale, use the formula: (CGPA/10) * 4. This will give you the equivalent GPA on a 4.0 scale.

Yes, many international universities accept CGPA. Use their specific conversion formulas, which are usually provided on their admissions pages.

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) is calculated on a 10-point scale and is the average over all semesters, while GPA (Grade Point Average) is usually calculated on a 4-point scale and can be semester-specific.

SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) is the grade point average for a single semester, while CGPA is the cumulative grade point average for all semesters.

The most common formula is multiplying CGPA by 9.5, but some institutions may have their specific formulas. Always check with your institution.

Yes, many institutions provide a conversion chart to map CGPA to letter grades. This chart varies by institution.

At Mumbai University, the conversion formula is: Percentage (%) = 7.1 * CGPA + 11. For example, with a CGPA of 6.2, the percentage would be 7.1 * 6.2 + 11 = 55.02%.

The formula for converting CGPA to percentage at Nagpur University is: Percentage (%) = (CGPA - 0.75) * 10.

To convert a CGPA of 9.5 to a percentage, multiply it by 9.5: 9.5 * 9.5 = 90.25%.

To convert a CGPA of 8.2 to a percentage, multiply it by 9.5: 8.2 * 9.5 = 77.9%.

© Knowledgeum Academy